January 22, 2021 3 min read

Dogs and Cats Allergies

The shifting seasons are the onset of upper respiratory suffering for all of us. The typical components of human allergies are coughing, sneezing, wheezing, and congestion. Some people have these symptoms and just have to watch the TV for a couple of minutes and view an ad for a new product to relieve these symptoms. On the other side, dogs and cats experience allergy-related skin disorders. And, overall, antihistamines that function very well in humans are not very well-referred to. Steroids may also be the only medicine available to aid in the relief of these species. It is necessary to recognize and remove the culprit in allergic skin disease because of the various side effects associated with the long-term use of steroids.

Flea hypersensitivity is the most common allergy in dogs and cats. The cat has an allergic reaction to the saliva of the flea, affecting the whole body's tissue. Unfortunately, all it takes for animals afflicted by this is a single bite of a flea, and they can be almost as itchy as poison ivy is to a human! Thankfully, multiple items are available for our animals to protect them from being bitten. These are your veterinarian's tools that perform very well to keep fleas from attacking your cats.

The second most prevalent allergy is atopy in dogs and cats. It's an allergic skin disorder related to some inhaled allergen. This is the general term. The inhaled allergens are the same as the seasonal reactions experienced by humans. Allergies to inhalants typically begin as a seasonal concern, but they appear to linger throughout the entire year. Examples of atopic allergens are house dust mites, trees or grass pollens, and molds. These items differ from place to place. Pollen commonly found in Missouri may never be an Arizona problem.

The above is normal intradermal (skin) checks or serologic (blood) tests. The above two types of allergies. The intradermal examination requires an intradermal dermatologist to be visited (a veterinarian that specializes in skin problems). The fur of the dog (whether the pet is tossed) is rubbed, the grid is drawn, a new allergy is injected in every square of the grid and the skin reactions to each allergen are classified. Serological examinations require drawing a blood spectrum to be sent to a laboratory administering the procedure by the serum (the liquid part of the blood). A list of allergens to which a species is susceptible is the outcome of all forms of studies. Hence, the serum is used before hypo sensitization is achieved to the pet in rising quantities. The animal's reaction to the allergen would be decreased.

Veterinary dermatologists report that just 1-6 percent of all skin diseases in clinical practice qualify for adverse food reactions. It is assumed that food allergy represents only 10-20 percent of all skin disease cases in dogs and cats. Up to a third of these cases arise in animals below the age of one year. In many cases of a food-based allergic cutaneous disease, an ear infection affecting both ears is the only symptom. Intradermal or serological testing is typically not used to diagnose a food allergy. Typically, they are diagnosed and treated with a removal diet. This ensures that the animal is fed a diet of established ingredients and no food is provided (treats, snacks, rawhides, etc). The trial should last for at least three weeks. A new diet should be preferred after ten weeks if no change occurs. The food allergy culprit is typically the source of protein. This explains why allergic pets' prescription menus contain rare suppliers of meat like venison, duck, or trout. No "hypoallergenic" diet is available but for those with (man-made) hydrolyzed protein. They deliver a new protein source to which the animal has not been introduced previously. Lamb and rice are not true "allergy" diets, because they may include other sources of protein, in addition to lamb and rice. Take caution if your pet has an aversion to food. However, they are ideal for dogs and cats who tend to be susceptible to diets that contain a certain protein as the key source of protein.